I will update this site with some of my most recent publications and other noteworthy ones from the past.

Publication titles link to the article.


Level design: processes and experiences. CRC press – december 2016.

In this book, veteran game developers, academics, journalists, and others provide their processes and experiences with level design. Each provides a unique perspective representing multiple steps of the process for interacting with and creating game levels – experiencing levels, designing levels, constructing levels, and testing levels.

An Architectural Approach to Level Design  CRC Press 2014.

Architecture book cover

This book discusses design methods and theories for level design based on architectural principles. From measurement-based understandings of space to studies in visual communication, environmental effects, modular asset usage, and mixed use multiplayer spaces – the book seeks to develop a practical theory-based discourse for level design and analysis.

Game Character Creation in Blender and Unity – Wiley/Sybex Publishing 2012

A software textbook on 3D game character creation in Blender and Unity 3D..

Other academic and industry publications

“De-coding Games through Historical Research in Art and Design”, in Game Design Research. Editors, Petri Lankoski and Jussi Holopainen, ETC Press, 2017 (forthcoming).

“Moving Forward by Looking Back: Using Art and Architectural History to Make and Understand Games”, in Contemporary Research on Intertextuality in Video Games. Editors, Christophe Duret and Christian-Marie Pons, IGI Global, 2016.

This chapter explores art history to establish parallels between the current state of the game art field and historical art and architectural periods. In doing so, it proposes methods for both making and studying games that subvert the popular analysis trends of game art that are typically based on the history of game graphics and technology.

A Case Study in Newsgame Creation: Why Game Designers and Journalists are Still Learning to Work Together,

Co-author. 66th International Communication Conference, Fokouka, Japan, June 2016.

“Designing Microgames for Assessment: A Case Study in Rapid Iteration,”

Co-author. International Conference on Advances in Computer Entertainment Technology, Iskandar, Malaysia. Nov. 2015.

“Bug-fixing Game-like Syllabi: Evaluating Common Issues and Iterating New Pedagogical Mechanics.”

Foundations of Digital Games Conference Proceedings, June 2015.

Teaching Serious Game App Design Through Client-based Projects – Digital Games Research Association Conference 2013

This conference paper and presentation at the Digital Games Research Association (DiGRA) 2013 Conference discusses how client-based serious game projects can form the backdrop of constructivist project-based courses in under and post-graduate game design programs. The paper assesses risks, challenges, and pedagogy to make informed recommendations on when and how to hold such courses in a college curriculum.

Game Making with Kids: How the Ouya and Free Software Saved Summer Camp – Gamasutra

In this article, I discuss teaching the mobile game design courses for George Mason University’s Summer Game Institute for kids. My primary goal was to provide the students with tutorials that allowed them to create games at home with freely available software and open development platforms.


Building a Better Zombie – Gamasutra

This article, based on my talk from Dakota State’s 2011 Workshop on Integrated Design in Games, examines both historic and pop traditions of the undead to discover why we fear zombies, and how this knowledge can be used in games.

Blender and Unity Used in GDC China Presentation –

In this post, I describe using Blender to create my GDC China presentation.

CG for Games: All-in-One Development in Blender and Unity – CG Magazine (Chinese)

I recently published an article for a Chinese CG publication about using Blender as an all-in-one development environment and publishing in Unity. I was also interviewed for the magazine, where I discussed my upcoming book, Game Character Creation in Blender and Unity. 

Designing Better Levels Through Human Survival Instincts – Gamasutra

Christopher Totten explores how human psychology is understood by architects, how that can apply to level design, and explores games that use these techniques effectively.

Graduate Thesis: Game Design and Architecture – Gamasutra/Game Career Guide

I published my graduate thesis at Gamasutra and Game Career Guide. It proposes a hybrid method of architectural and video game design, which I tested by turning it into a board game. The paper can be downloaded here: thesis research paper with design info